DECENTRALIZATION IN GHANA
The decentralization policy of Ghana is aimed at promoting people‟s participation and ownership of the machinery of government by shifting the process of governance from command to consultation processes, and by transferring power, authority and functions, competence and resources to the district level (Act 462, Act .
There are three major forms of administrative decentralisation: deconcentration, delegation, and devolution. Each form raises different legal issues. Deconcentration, involves redistributing decision making authority and financial and management responsibilities among different levels of a national government.
Decentralization of local government is a very important process for the democratic development of a country. Decentralization is defined as the process of political devolution, fiscal and decision-making from central government to local level.
Ghana is a constitutional republic with two spheres of government: national and local. Local government is enshrined in the constitution, as is decentralisation, and the main relevant legislation is the Local Government Act 1993 (Act 462).
In a decentralized organization, lower level managers are given decision-making authority and the power to run their own departments. … It also facilitates diversification and the development of junior management. Disadvantages include loss of control, lack of coordination, and costlier operations.
Unlike centralized companies, decentralized companies have less concentrated authority. In a decentralized organization, lower levels in the organizational hierarchy can make decisions. An example of a decentralized organization is a fast-food franchise chain.
The purpose of the decentralisation policy is to deepen and sustain grassroots-based democratic governance and promote equitable local development by enhancing citizen participation and strengthening the local government system, while maintaining effective functional and mutually accountable linkages between central